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In a city so filled with culture, art, and history it’s hard to know where to go first. You could probably spend your entire vacation just getting lost in the city of Rome, walking on the quaint, charming streets and feel like you’ve witnessed history at every corner.
However, there a few historical sites and landmarks in Rome that you need to make sure you are not missing during any of your last minute city breaks.
With that in mind, here’s what you need to put on the list for your next weekend getaway in Rome.
As one of the world’s most famous buildings, this landmark is a must-see if you ever find yourself in Rome. Built more than two thousand years ago, the Colosseum was the largest amphitheater ever constructed and was able to accommodate between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators.
Originally named the Flavian Amphitheater, its initial intended use was as an arena for public spectacles, gladiator shows, and animal hunts. These were said to have gathered thousands of animals and gladiators over the course of time.
Make sure not to miss this important site of celebrations as well as bloodshed if you want to relive a small but crucial part of Roman history!
Considered to be the best-preserved building of Roman antiquity, the Pantheon was built by Emperor Hadrian between 118 BC and 125 BC as a temple to all gods of pagan Rome. In fact, the Greek word “pantheon” means “all the gods.” Only later, the Pantheon was transformed into a church.
Archeologists today consider it to a valuable architectural achievement due to its 43-meter coffered concrete dome that is only supported by a series of arches perfected by the Romans. It’s also the largest unreinforced concrete dome ever to be constructed.
All details aside, this impressive building is worth visiting for the incredibly peaceful feeling it exudes.
Build over the tomb of Saint Peter, the city of Vatican came to be in 1929 after the signing of the Lateran Pacts. As a fun fact, Benito Mussolini, then head of the Italian government, signed the acts on behalf of King Victor Emmanuel III, allowing the Vatican to establish itself as a sovereign state. It is the smallest nation-state in the world (with a little over 100 acres), as well as the papal residence governed by the Pope himself.
As of 2012, the Vatican’s population is 451, and its majority currently resides outside the city. However, Vatican brings in millions of visitors due to important landmarks and museums, such as Saint Peter’s Basilica, the most visited basilica in the world, Saint Peter’s Square, and 11 Vatican Museums, including Michelangelo’s well-known Sistine Chapel.
There’s an old saying that goes like this: “Rome wasn’t built in a day.” I think that they should change it to “It’s almost impossible to visit Rome in a day.” It’s very likely that by the end of your getaway to feel as if you still have so much to see and discover.
Rome is a city that can take a lifetime to explore, and it only gives you another reason to visit it again and again. And, that’s not bad at all. But, if I were to give you a piece of advice, it would be to schedule your vacation off-season when the streets are less crowded, the prices get cut in half, and you can enjoy the city at your own pace.